- Emperor (q.v.) from 668-685. It was during his reign that the Arabs (q.v.) first besieged Constantinople (q.v.) from 674-678. At the siege "Greek fire" (q.v.) played an important role in defeating the Arab fleet. Failing to take the capital, and facing defeats in Asia Minor (q.v.), the caliph Muawiya (qq.v.) signed a 30-year peace treaty with Byzantium (q.v.). The siege (and the later one in 717-718) saved Byzantium, and perhaps all of European civilization, from Islamic conquest. Nevertheless, the Arabs continued to make steady advances along the coast of North Africa (q.v.), and Byzantium suffered considerably from other foes, including Asparuch, khan of the Bulgars (qq.v.), whose encroachments south of the Danube River (q.v.) Constantine IV was forced to recognize. In reality, the region the Bulgars occupied had long ago been settled by Slavs (q.v.) who were hardly under Byzantine control. Also of significance during his reign was the Sixth Ecumenical Council (q.v.), which condemned Monotheletism (q.v.) and reconciled the eastern and western churches.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
Look at other dictionaries:
Constantine — most commonly refers to one of the following: Constantine (name), a given name and surname Constantine I, Roman Emperor from 306 to 337, commonly known as Constantine the Great It may also refer to: People Roman/Byzantine Emperors Constantine II… … Wikipedia
Constantine V — Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine V and his father Leo III the Isaurian Reign … Wikipedia
Constantine IV — Κωνσταντίνος Δ Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine IV and his retinue, mosaic in basilica of Sant Apollinare in Classe (Ravenna) Reign … Wikipedia
Constantine II — may refer to: Constantine II (emperor) (317 – 340), Roman Emperor 337 – 340 Constantine III (usurper) (died 411), known as Constantine II of Britain in British legend Constantine II of Byzantine (630 – 668) Antipope Constantine II (died 768),… … Wikipedia
Constantine — steht für eine Stadt in Algerien; siehe Constantine (Algerien) eine algerische Provinz; siehe Constantine (Provinz) ein ehemaliges französisches Département im Gebiet des heutigen Algerien; siehe Constantine (Département) eine Gemeinde im Kanton… … Deutsch Wikipedia
CONSTANTINE — (ancient Cirta), Algerian town. Constantine was named after Emperor Constantine in 313. Latin inscriptions give evidence of a Jewish colony there; its surroundings seem to have been inhabited by Judaized Berbers. The Arab conquest brought little… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Constantine — Pope Constantine † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Constantine Consecrated 25 March, 708; d. 9 April, 715; a Syrian, the son of John, and a remarkably affable man . The first half of his reign was marked by a cruel famine in Rome, the… … Catholic encyclopedia
CONSTANTINE — CONSTANTINE, anc. CIRTA Troisième ville d’Algérie avec 441 000 habitants en 1987, première grande ville intérieure et métropole de l’Est algérien, Constantine a été à travers l’histoire la capitale la plus constante du Maghreb central (Al Moghreb … Encyclopédie Universelle
Constantine — Constantine, MI U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 2095 Housing Units (2000): 836 Land area (2000): 1.621677 sq. miles (4.200125 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.101685 sq. miles (0.263363 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.723362 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Constantine, MI — U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 2095 Housing Units (2000): 836 Land area (2000): 1.621677 sq. miles (4.200125 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.101685 sq. miles (0.263363 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.723362 sq. miles (4.463488 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Constantine — m English and French: medieval form of the Late Latin name Constantīnus (a derivative of Constans; see CONSTANT (SEE Constant)). This was the name of Constantine the Great (?288–337), the first Christian emperor of Rome. It was also born by three … First names dictionary